Necessity of the Whole by Nachi Friedman

(2006/5766) Upon entering Eretz Yisrael, the Jews
assembled on Har Gerizim and Har Eval to swear fidelity to
the Torah.  The Pasuk states (27:26), “Arur Asher Lo
Yakum Et Divrei HaTorah Hazot Laasot Otam,” “Cursed is
the one who will not uphold the words of this Torah to
perform them.”  Many ask what this Pasuk means.  Can
the Torah actually say that regardless of how great one is,
even if he is the greatest Talmid Chacham, the                                                                punishment for one little sin is a curse?  If this is the case, is
there anyone is the world who is not cursed?  If at one time in
someone’s life, he slipped and the Yeitzer Hara overtook
him, it would seem inevitable for him to be cursed!
The Rambam explains that this Pasuk is not talking
about someone who sinned out of weakness, as a Chacham
might, but is rather talking about someone who claims that
some Mitzvot are not relevant to him at all.  For example, the
Pasuk is not talking about someone who lights a fire on
Shabbat, but rather someone who believes that the Torah is
not addressing him when it says, “Lo Teva’aru Aish BeChol
Moshevoteichem BeYom HaShabbat.”
Rabbeinu Yonah explains that the Torah is talking
about someone when he is careless in doing a sin and does
not feel any regret.  However, if once in a while, someone
does a sin, but afterwards he repents and feels
embarrassed, he is not cursed, because the Pasuk is not
referring to such sins.                                                                                                                     The Ketav Sofer explains that the Pasuk talks about a
different case entirely.  It refers to someone who claims that he is
only taking upon himself a few Mitzvot because it is too difficult for
him to keep all of the Mitzvot.  This argument, however, is
misleading.  In order to understand this, Rabbi Moshe Leiber tells
over an analogy.  The Torah is compared to a highly sophisticated
computer.  If one removes any part from the computer, the whole
machine will not work, because the circuitry of the computer works
as a whole.  With a single missing piece, the computer cannot
function.  So too, a Jew needs to practice all of the Torah’s Mitzvot. 
The removal of a single Mitzvah will affect the entire person as a
whole, and will cause one’s entire body to be negatively affected. 
In this sense, one who does so will truly find himself cursed.

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